utilization of bioremediation to reduce soil contamination problems and solutions : proceedings of the NATO Advanced Workshop on the Utilization of Bioremediation to Reduce Soil Contamination--Problems and Solutions, held in Prague, Czech Republic, from 14 to 19 June 2000 by NATO Advanced Research Workshop on the Utilization of Bioremediation to Reduce Soil Contamination: Problems and Solutions (2000 Prague, Czech Republic)

Cover of: utilization of bioremediation to reduce soil contamination | NATO Advanced Research Workshop on the Utilization of Bioremediation to Reduce Soil Contamination: Problems and Solutions (2000 Prague, Czech Republic)

Published by Kluwer Academic Publishers, Published in cooperation with NATO Scientific Affairs Division in Dordrecht, Boston .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Soil remediation -- Congresses,
  • Bioremediation -- Congresses

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references and index.

Book details

Statementedited by Václav Šašek, John A. Glaser, and Philippe Baveye.
GenreCongresses.
SeriesNATO science series -- v. 19.
ContributionsŠašek, Václav., Glaser, John, Baveye, P., North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsTD878 .N37 2000, TD878 .N37 2000
The Physical Object
Paginationxix, 417 p. :
Number of Pages417
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL18185416M
ISBN 101402011415, 1402011423
LC Control Number2003040013

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The Utilization of Bioremediation to Reduce Soil Contamination: Problems and Solutions (Nato Science Series: IV: (19)) [Sasek, Václav, Glaser, John A., Baveye, P.] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

The Utilization of Bioremediation to Reduce Soil Contamination: Problems and Solutions (Nato Science Series: IV: (19))Format: Paperback. Whereas the goal of bioremediation is toxicity reduction, few direct, reliable measures of this process are as yet available.

Another area of intense discussion is the assessment of market forces contributing to the acceptability of bioremediation. The Utilization of Bioremediation to Reduce Soil Contamination: Problems and Solutions. Editors: Sasek, Václav, Glaser, John A., Baveye, P.

(Eds.) Free Preview. Buy The Utilization of Bioremediation to Reduce Soil Contamination () (): Problems and Solutions: NHBS - Edited By: Price Range: £ - £   Since the "pioneering" time of the mids, the rate of adoption of in situ bioremediation strategies has been stagnating.

To paraphrase Mark Twain, however, news of the demise of bioremediation may have been exaggerated; there is still a widespread belief that bioremediation remains a viable and promising technology.

Among the many topics addressed in this book. The Utilization of Bioremediation to Reduce Soil Contamination: Problems and Solutions Volume 19 of NATO science series: Earth and environmental sciences, ISSN Volume 19 of Nato Science Series: IV: ISSN Editors: Václav Sasek, John A.

Glaser, P. Baveye: Contributor: North Atlantic Treaty Organization: Edition: illustrated. Get this from a library. The utilization of bioremediation to reduce soil contamination: problems and solutions. [Václav Šašek; John A Glaser; P Baveye; North Atlantic Treaty Organization.;]. Find bioremediation testing (soil and groundwater) books and publications, the world’s largest environmental industry marketplace and information resource.

The book aims at collecting contributions from outstanding scientists and experts involved in different fields of soil contamination in order to show new research highlights and future. Remediation technology involves physical, chemical, and biological techniques that are implemented either in situ or ex-situ after excavating the contaminated soil.

Specifically, remediation of soil can be achieved by removal of contaminants, isolation of the contaminants for adequate time, removal of the contaminated soil and transformation of.

Bioremediation refers to the use of microorganisms to eliminate or reduce the concentrations of hazardous wastes at a contaminated site (Boopathy, ; de Lorenzo, ). One important characteristic of bioremediation is that it is carried out in nonsterile open environments comprising of a variety of microorganisms (Huang et al., Soil Bioremediation Heavy Metal Contamination r.

Rufus Chaney, a senior research agronomist at the U.S. Department of Agriculture, is an expert in the use of compost methods to remediate metal-contaminated sites. Inat a denud-ed site near the Burle Palmerton zinc smelter facility in Palmerton, Pennsylvania, Dr.

Chaney. In every region of the world, one can find numerous instances of the “presence in the soil of a chemical or substance out of place and/or present at a higher than normal concentration that has adverse effects on any non-targeted organism.” This soil pollution is increasingly the cause of major societal concern, and policy makers at all levels are more and more recognizing that it urgently.

The utilization of bioremediation in the contaminated soil is increasing rapidly due to the presence of toxic pollutants. It is the most advanced technologies which make use of organisms to deteriorate the harmful compounds in order to prevent the soil pollution.

Sustainable Remediation of Contaminated Soil and Groundwater: Materials, Processes, and Assessment provides the remediation tools and techniques necessary for simultaneously saving time and money and maximizing environmental, social and economic benefits.

The book integrates green materials, cleaner processes, and sustainability assessment methods for planning, designing and. This chapter reviews the application of additives used in bioremediation of chlorinated solvents and fuels for groundwater and soil remediation.

Soluble carbon substrates are applicable to most site conditions except aquifers with very high or very low groundwater flow. Slow-release and solid substrates are intended to be long-lasting in supplying carbon for microbial growth thereby minimizing.

A real-life example of bioremediation is adding nutrients to the soil to enhance bacterial degradation of contaminants and increase the rate of bioremediation on a brownfield site. Bioremediation cleaned million cubic metres of heavily polluted soil to turn this brownfield site into one containing sports facilities surrounded by 45 hectares of wildlife habitats.

Groundwater polluted with ammonia was cleaned using a new bioremediation technique that saw archaeal microbes breaking down the ammonia into harmless nitrogen. The chapter reviews the most important researches on the use of micro- and macrofungi in the bioremediation of contaminated soils.

In particular, the main classes of soil pollutants in Europe (heavy metals, mineral oils, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), monoaromatic hydrocarbons, phenols and chlorinated hydrocarbons (CHCs)), together with the emerging contaminants (i.e. Bioremediation as a bioprocess has great potential to reduce the toxicity of heavy metals such as lead (Pb) from contaminated sites.

In this study, the Pb-bioremediation potential of Microbacterium. The selection of the most appropriate soil and sediment remediation method depends on the site characteristics, concentration, types of pollutants to be removed, and the end use of the contaminated medium.

The approaches include isolation, immobilization, toxicity reduction, physical separation and. In conclusion, PCB loss observed during the composting of the PCB-contaminated soil appeared to be largely due to biodegradation and not volatilization.

Effective bioremediation of aged PCB-contaminated soils may require coupling of composting with additional remediation technologies to reduce levels of PCB congeners with greater than 4 chlorines. In: Šašek V., Glaser J.A., Baveye P.

(eds) The Utilization of Bioremediation to Reduce Soil Contamination: Problems and Solutions. NATO Science Series (Series IV: Earth and Environmental Sciences), vol “The utilization of bioremediation to reduce soil contamination: Problems and Solutions.” Nato Science Series IV.

Earth and Environmental Sciences vol. bioremediation of oil contaminated soil Posted By Roald Dahl Media Publishing TEXT ID Online PDF Ebook Epub Library bioremediation in which contaminated soil is excavated and treated elsewhere is an alternative ex situ bioremediation approaches include use of.

The estimated cost of treating contaminated soil at this site through use of the biopile was $45 per cubic meter ($ per cub ic yard), exclusive of engineering and analytical costs. Researchers estimate that this cost could be reduced further in large-scale applications and if containment liners are not required.

the environment to enhance bioremediation may cause other contamination problems Lack of control over remediation site Requires more time. May not reduce concentration of contaminants to required levels Site may not be conducive for bioremediators New technology –. Microbial Functional Activity in Bioremediation of Contaminated Soil and Water: /ch Since the beginning of the industrialization, application of chemical compounds on lands and disposal of contaminants to soil and water systems have caused.

So, for soil contamination, commonly used remediation methods are in situ remediation, land farming and slurry phase bioreactors. In situ techniques include bioventing and phytoremediation.

Bioventing: This process involves the circulation of air through the soil thus facilitating aerobic degradation. But, this may take a very long time to happen. When mobilizing agents are introduced in a laboratory setting, the ability of mycelium to degrade compounds can be less effective.

7 This is the result of lower availability of the PAH in the soil. 7 Another approach to in situ contaminated soil occurred in on a condemned industrial site in Italy. 2 Heavy metals were first leached out with. Among existing technologies, bioremediation and biotransformation are prominently being used for heavy metal remediation of soil and water, whereas biodegradation is.

Bioremediation of petroleum contaminated environments is a process in which the biological pathways within microorganisms or plants are used to degrade or sequester toxic hydrocarbons, heavy metals, and other volatile organic compounds found within fossil spills happen frequently at varying degrees along with all aspects of the petroleum supply chain, presenting a complex array of.

Ex-situ bioremediation of m 3 of diesel contaminated soil was evaluated in a research effort at the Kennedy Space Center. As an alternative to thermal treatment, four biopiles were constructed using sandy, diesel contaminated soil.

The biopiles were assembled with a negative pressure aeration system and nutrient/irrigation system. Bioremediation Of Chlorinated Solvent Contaminated Groundwater Bioremediation Of Chlorinated Solvent Contaminated Groundwater by Hans F. Stroo. Download it In Situ Remediation Of Chlorinated Solvent Plumes books also available in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format for read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets.

In Situ Remediation of Chlorinated Solvent Plumes H.F. Stroo & C.H. Ward. ADVERTISEMENTS: Use of microorganisms (probiotic bacteria or friendly bacteria) for improving environmental conditions or restoration of contaminated sites is very well known. Bioremediation has been defined as “a biological response to environmental abuse” (Hamer, ).

This definition serves to distinguish between the use of microorganisms to remediate contaminated sites and their. Soil pollution refers to the contamination of soil with anomalous concentrations of toxic substances.

It is a serious environmental concern since it harbours many health hazards. For example, exposure to soil containing high concentrations of benzene increases the risk of contracting leukaemia.

The Use of Modern Onsite Bioremediation Systems to Reduce Crude Oil Contamination on Oilfield Properties (W.W.

Hildebrandt and S.B. Wilson). Use of Government Environmental Records to Identify and Analyze Hydrocarbon Contaminated Sites (R.D. Miller). heavy metal contamination of water and soil analysis assessment and remediation strategies Posted By Astrid Lindgren Library TEXT ID db7 Online PDF Ebook Epub Library continues and is even increasing in some areas remediating heavy metal contaminated soils sep 05 heavy metal contamination of water and heavy metal.

Bioremediation is a process used to treat contaminated media, including water, soil and subsurface material, by altering environmental conditions to stimulate growth of microorganisms and degrade the target pollutants.

In many cases, bioremediation is less expensive and more sustainable than other remediation alternatives. Biological treatment is a similar approach used to treat wastes.

Remediation of Petroleum-Contaminated Soils: A Polish Case Study. NATO Advanced Research Workshop Volume on The Utilization of Bioremediation to Reduce Soil Contamination: Problems and Solutions.

Sasek, J. Glaser, and P. Bevaye. (eds). P. Guidelines for Remediation Strategies to Reduce the Radiological Consequences of Environmental Contamination many books covering different aspects of remediation of contaminated environments. These books range from safety fundamentals and safety Attenuation of external dose from contaminated soil.

What is Soil Contamination? Soil contamination refers to the destruction of land that could be used constructively by human activities, either directly or indirectly. Presently,ha of UK land is thought to be contaminated by toxic elements such as lead and arsenic. The same goes for the other industrialized nations which are the worst.

Environmentalist and soil scientist employ different ways of restoring metal contaminated soils. These methods are listed below. 1. Physical remediation: Some techniques here include replacing contaminated soils with clean soils or use of thermal desorption (use of heat to volatilize contaminants) (1,2).

2.

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